Terminology

Terminology

Hozoinryu Takadaha Sojutsu Terminology

Below you find a list of terms used in Hōzōinryū Sōjutsu with explanations.

Ayumiashi ("walking feet") is the usual way to proceed or retreat in the forms. The right foot is always moved forward or backward in front of the left foot while the left foot is always moved behind the right foot (with the exception of the forms Tōme. For more information, see the corresponding articles).

Chūdan in the Hōzōinryū is called Yarigamae.

Chūkyū is the second rank one can attain in the Hōzōinryū. The chūkyū exam can be taken after two years at the earliest. Subject of the exam are the ura forms.

Daijōdan (big jōdan) is a stance that is only used in the shinshikake form egaeshi. It is similar to the block called kamuriuke.

E: the spear shaft.

Ebu: the spear shaft.

Gedan: one of the basic stances in which the tip of the spear is just above the ground.

Hikiotoshi (pulling down) is one of the basic techniques in which the opponent's spear is knocked to the ground with one of the side blades of the kamayari.

Hosaki: the tip of the spear.

Ishizuki: the butt end of the spear.

Jōdan: one of the basic stances in which the tip of the spear is threatening the opponent's face.

Jōkyū is the third rank one can attain in the Hōzōinryū. The jōkyū exam can be taken after three years at the earliest. Subject of the exam are the shinshikake forms.

Jūmonji kamayari: the 273 cm long sickle-spear with a cross-shaped blade that is used in the Hōzōinryū.

Kakigoe: the shouting which in other schools is called kiai. The kamayari always yells "ehy", the suyari "yah". Only when doing shigoki both shout "eyh".

Kama: (sickle) the side blades of the jūmonji kamayari.

Kamayari: short for jūmonji kamayari. The user of this spear is called the same.

Kamuriuke: Block above the head against a thrust to uramen.

Kiriotoshi: (cutting down) similar to hikiotoshi. Is used in the forms aizuyobi.

Maedō: the left side of the opponent's belly as seen from the thrusting party.

Maedōtsuki: thrust to the maedō.

Maemen: the left side of the opponent's face as seen from the thrusting party.

Maementsuki: Thrust to the maemen.

Makiotoshi: (winding down) here the suyari is beaten to the ground with the right sickle in a rotating movement from kamuriuke.

Menkyo: the second-highest rank in the Hōzōinryū.

Menkyo Kaiden: the highest rank in the Hōzōinryū. One is only called sensei (master) after attaining this rank.

Mokuroku: the third-highest rank in the Hōzōinryū. The exam for mokuroku can be taken three years after attaining jōkyū at the earliest. Subject of the exam are selected forms from the entire curriculum.

Momo: thigh.

Momodachi: tying up of the hakama.

Momotsuki: thrust to the rear thigh.

Okuriashi: one of the three kinds of footwork. To do this one pushes off with the rear foot so that the front foot goes forward and the rear foot is following naturally.

Omote: The name of the first level of forms.

Shigoki: Basic technique/warm-up exercise. Here the spear is thrust forward in gedan to be drawn back into yarigame with okuriashi. During this, "eyh" is shouted.

Shinshikake: the highest level of forms which were added by Takada Matabee Yoshitsugu.

Shokyū is the first rank one can attain in the Hōzōinryū. The shokyū exam can be taken after one year at the earliest. Subject of the exam are the omote forms.

Sōke: the headmaster of the school.

Surikomi: sliding with one of the sickles to the leading hand of the suyari.

Suyari: the straight simple spear with a length of 364 cm.

Tsugiashi: one of the three kinds of footwork. To do this one pulls the rear foot towards the front foot then pushes off with the rear foot so that the front foot goes forward and the rear foot is following naturally.

Uchibari: a technique against thrusts to uradō, in which the kamayari is rotated 180 degrees around his longitudinal axis then first knocks the suyari upwards to beat it to the ground with the right sickle or practice surikomi.

Uchiotoshi: beating the opponent's spear down with the shaft of one´s own spear.

Ura: everything on the right side of the opponent's spear as seen from the thrusting party. It also is the name of the second set/level of forms.

Uradō: the right side of the opponent's belly as seen from the thrusting party.

Uradōtsuki: Thrust to the uradō.

Uramen: the right side of the opponent's face as seen from the thrusting party.

Uramentsuki: thrust to the uramen.

Yarigamae: basic stance in which the spear is held horizontally in front of the belly.

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